International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS) 2024-04-20T05:53:50+00:00 Dr. Aziz ur Rehman Saifee Open Journal Systems <p>International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS), Karachi, is an Open Access Quarterly peer reviewed print (ISSN # 2788-4317) and online (ISSN # 2788-4325) journal which is recognized in Y Category by Higher Education Commission HEC, Islamabad, Pakistan and indexed in high quality International indexing agencies.</p> <p>JIBAS is published by HABIBIA RESEARCH ACADEMY a Project of <strong>JAMIA HABIBIA INTERNATIONAL, </strong>Reg. No: KAR No. 2287 Societies Registration Act XXI of 1860 Governament of Sindh, Pakistan.</p> <p>JIBAS become a multidisciplinary academic journal with an international editorial board representing various fields of Islamic Business, Administration, Banking, Insurance, Economics, Finance, Takaful, Takaful Products and Instruments, Islamic Management, Islamic Economics, Islamic Law and Society, Islamic Brotherhood, Islamic Marketing, Islamic Human Resource Management, Islamic Organizational Behavior, Womankind, Work Ethics, Business Ethics, Islamic Micro Finance, Islamic Financial Markets, Islamic Financial Institutions, Trade with the Islamic world, The Muslim consumer and consumption patterns, Islamic branding and positioning, Islamic franchising, Retail and distribution channels, Islamic marketing mix, Islamic market segmentation, Islamic pharmaceuticals and healthcare, Islamic lifestyles, Hospitality, Fashion and entertainment, Current trends in Islamic markets, Commercializing Islam and Islamization of commerce, Global events and the Muslim consumer, Halal markets and halal supply chains, Islamic finance and Islamic microfinance, E-Marketing in Islamic markets, Islamic innovation and entrepreneurship, Contemporary Islamic movement, Education, Politics, International Relations, History, and general fields of social sciences research.</p> E-1: ISLAMIC BANKING STAKEHOLDERS’ SATISFACTION: PERSPECTIVES OF EMPLOYEES AND CUSTOMERS 2022-05-27T10:09:18+00:00 Muhammad Aqib Ali Sarina Zainab Shirazi <p><em>The study of Islamic banking (IB) perceptions has been an important topic of research in the past three decades especially after the Islamic banking initiative flourished in various regions of the world in the late 1970s. After the emergence of the Islamic banking paradigm in the early 1960s, the IB model slowly and steadily progressed and appeared as a reckoning force in the global financial landscape. There have been numerous research studies assessing the perceptions and satisfaction levels of customers regarding Islamic banking, but this study is unique in the sense that it covers both the demand and supply side of the Islamic banking sector by involving two of the most important and direct stakeholders of Islamic banking including IB customers and employees of Islamic banks. The research study takes into consideration various factors pertinent to Islamic banking customers’ satisfaction and working conditions/environment at Islamic banks from the context of Islamic banks’ employees to provide a holistic viewpoint regarding the perceptions of these two vital stakeholder segments of the Islamic banking industry in Pakistan. The research entailed a survey-based approach to analyze the opinions of IB customers and employees. The data was fetched through structured questionnaires from 600 respondents and was subsequently analyzed by applying statistical data analysis techniques. The research findings showed that the two stakeholder groups held a favorable stance regarding Islamic banking and overall, the respondents provided very positive feedback regarding various aspects of customers’ satisfaction and the working environment at Islamic banks. The respondents asserted that the Islamic banking products and services as well as work conditions and environment at Islamic banks are conducive. The positive research results affirm that the stakeholders have a favorable outlook toward the Islamic banking sector and also signal promising prospects despite obstacles and formidable competition from the conventional banking sector.</em></p> <p> </p> 2024-03-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS) E-2: ENHANCING INNOVATIVE WORK BEHAVIOR IN PAKISTAN'S SOFTWARE INDUSTRY: THE MEDIATING IMPACT OF EMPLOYEE FEEDBACK SEEKING AND PSYCHOLOGICAL EMPOWERMENT ON TRENHANCING INNOANSCENDENTAL LEADERSHIP 2024-03-31T10:10:59+00:00 Muhammad Ajmal Azmat Islam Imran Khan <p><em>This study investigates the influence of Transcendental Leadership on Innovative Work Behavior (IWB) in the software industry of Pakistan, with a focus on the cities of Lahore, Karachi, and Islamabad. The research explores how Employee Feedback Seeking Behavior (EFSB) and Psychological Empowerment (PE) mediate this relationship. A quantitative research design was employed, involving a survey administered to 350 employees working in various software companies across the mentioned cities. Transcendental Leadership, characterized by vision, altruism, and integrity, is posited as a significant predictor of IWB, an essential component for organizational innovation and competitiveness. The study examines whether EFSB and PE serve as crucial links between Transcendental Leadership and IWB, suggesting that these mediating factors could amplify or attenuate the Leadership's impact on innovation. The findings indicate a positive relationship between Transcendental Leadership and IWB, with both EFSB and PE playing significant mediating roles. Specifically, the results demonstrate that employees who actively seek feedback and feel empowered are more likely to engage in innovative behaviors, particularly when led by a transcendental leader. This highlights the importance of fostering an environment that encourages feedback-seeking and enhances employees' sense of empowerment to cultivate innovation. This research contributes to the literature on Leadership and innovation in the context of Pakistan's burgeoning software industry. It offers insights for practitioners and leaders in the software sector, suggesting that adopting Transcendental Leadership practices could be a strategic approach to enhancing innovation. Furthermore, it emphasizes the need for organizational policies that support feedback-seeking behaviors and psychological empowerment among employees to foster a culture conducive to innovation. By elucidating the mediating roles of EFSB and PE in the relationship between Transcendental Leadership and IWB, this study provides a nuanced understanding of how Leadership can effectively drive innovation in the software industry, with implications for both theory and practice.</em></p> 2024-03-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS) E-3: SECURITY DILEMMA AND NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION (NATO) INSURGENCE OVER MIDDLE EASTERN AND ASIAN SPHERES OF INFLUENCE 2024-04-17T10:10:50+00:00 Tabinda M. Sabah Uddin Siddiqui Muhammad Salim Abdul Nafey Kakepota <p><em>Whenever we chronically seek the foundation of the establishment of the NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION. Ironically, it is judged that the main ideal for creating a multi-lateral organization was a response to Soviet Union oppression during the turmoil of the Cold War era. But to a literal extent, that’s partially true. And although the efforts trolled down by NATO itself, was to prevail peace by eliminating cold war struggles. The main assumption that is often debatable is that the pack of alliances was made to deter the colonialism of the USSR, prohibiting nationalism with military intervention in Europe along with dismantling European political supremacy. This study seeks to identify the first way forward for NATO by examining its History of alliances - why they form, and what they dissolve – and then, using intelligence derived from history, it assesses NATO's position and Objective rationalities over the Middle East. It explores the basic objectives of military alliances, and how these apply to NATO. Finally, this paper identifies Decisions to be considered by member nation leaders in determining the next state of the alliance or sphere of influence </em></p> 2024-03-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS) E-4: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: ACTORS, GOVERNANCE AND POLICIES 2024-04-17T10:21:16+00:00 Suwaibah Qadri <p><em>The emergence of Artificial Intelligence (AI) presents a transformative force in reshaping diverse sectors globally and offering the potential to revolutionize traditional practices and processes. Within the realm of public administration, governments increasingly explore the integration of AI technologies to enhance service delivery and refine governance mechanisms. This adoption promises improved efficiency, cost savings, and a more engaged citizenry. However, alongside these potential benefits, a myriad of challenges and considerations necessitate exploration. Broadly, the utilization of AI in public administration raises critical questions concerning governance, ethics, and societal implications. Governments must navigate a complex landscape encompassing regulatory frameworks, ethical considerations, and societal impacts to ensure responsible and equitable AI deployment. Additionally, issues pertaining to data privacy, security, and transparency require meticulous attention to maintain public trust and confidence in government AI initiatives. AI has the potential to empower decision-makers with data-driven insights, optimize resource allocation, and foster more inclusive decision-making processes. However, challenges such as algorithmic bias, accountability, and the potential for job displacement need to be addressed to harness the full potential of AI in public administration effectively. By applying a combination of multiple perspective analysis and content analysis, a comprehensive examination of the role of AI in governance structures and policymaking processes is carried out, thereby, providing a holistic understanding of the implications of AI deployment in public administration.</em></p> 2024-03-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS) E-5: SINO - RUSSIA RELATIONSHIP: EMERGING CHALLENGES TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 2024-04-17T10:30:34+00:00 Lubna Kumari M.Umair Rafique <p><em>This research paper explains the growing strong ties and cooperation between China and Russia. By analyzing the relative positions of the two states in the international system, this research attempts to solve this conundrum. This paper attempts to find out how China and Russia jointly challenge the United States of America. China is hesitant to challenge the hegemonic order put in place by the United States because it can expand and prosper by free-riding on it. Russia is not happy with the current situation and is determined to change it to stop its decline and keep its great power position. The study is carried out through the secondary sources available online and it reveals that Currently China is an economically strong nation state and China’s cooperation with Russia is giving a tough time to the United States. At the same time, Russia's international position has been weakened by Vladimir Putin's deliberate war in Ukraine, which has also damaged the well-crafted image of great-power strength that Putin has spent two decades cultivating. But America may not necessarily benefit from Russia's decline in relative strength. This study attempts to determine whether the foundations of the alliance between the two countries are defensive and role-playing against the United States. </em></p> 2024-03-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS) E-6: THE STRUCTURING OF MANAGEMENT FACTORS IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 2024-04-20T05:53:50+00:00 Abdul Nafey Kakepota Daryia Khan Muhammad Habib <p><em>In the ever-evolving landscape of higher education, ensuring institutional excellence hinges on a crucial factor: management structuring. Historically, universities have navigated a spectrum of governance models, transitioning from rigid, centralized bureaucracies to the more contemporary, decentralized, and networked structures we see today. This paper delves into the intricate interplay between leadership styles, decision-making processes, and the very design of these institutions. It posits that effective management structuring transcends mere organizational charts. It is a dynamic ecosystem fostered by strong stakeholder engagement and a well-defined governance system. By drawing upon relevant theoretical frameworks, this paper aims to illuminate a path towards a deeper understanding of how management structures can be harnessed to empower higher education institutions. Ultimately, the goal is to unlock lasting effectiveness and fuel continuous innovation within the educational sphere.</em></p> 2024-04-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS)