International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS) <p>International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS), Karachi, is an Open Access Quarterly peer reviewed print (ISSN # 2788-4317) and online (ISSN # 2788-4325) journal which is recognized in Y Category by Higher Education Commission HEC, Islamabad, Pakistan and indexed in high quality International indexing agencies.</p> <p>JIBAS, originally founded by the Habibia Research Academy, Karachi, is proud to announce its new affiliation with Mohammad Ali Jinnah University (MAJU). This transition marks a significant step in our commitment to academic excellence and innovation.</p> <p>We are honored to have Prof. Dr. Zubair Ahmed Shaikh, the President of MAJU, as the Chief Patron of JIBAS. His leadership and vision will undoubtedly steer the journal towards greater heights. Additionally, Dr. Momin Fayyaz, a dedicated faculty member from MAJU, has been appointed as an editor for JIBAS, ensuring the highest standards of research and publication.</p> <p>This partnership between Habibia Research Academy and MAJU will enhance the quality and impact of our research, fostering a collaborative environment for scholars and researchers.</p> <p>Together, we are dedicated to advancing knowledge and contributing to the global academic community.</p> <p><strong>Scope:</strong></p> <p>JIBAS has evolved into a multidisciplinary academic journal with an international editorial board representing various fields of Islamic Business, Administration, Banking, Insurance, Economics, Finance, Takaful, Islamic Management, Islamic Economics, Islamic Law and Society, Islamic Brotherhood, Islamic Marketing, Islamic Human Resource Management, Islamic Organizational Behavior, Womankind, Work Ethics, Business Ethics, Islamic Microfinance, Islamic Financial Markets, Islamic Financial Institutions, Trade with the Islamic World, The Muslim Consumer and Consumption Patterns, Islamic Branding and Positioning, Islamic Franchising, Retail and Distribution Channels, Islamic Marketing Mix, Islamic Market Segmentation, Islamic Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare, Islamic Lifestyles, Hospitality, Fashion and Entertainment, Current Trends in Islamic Markets, Commercializing Islam and Islamization of Commerce, Global Events and the Muslim Consumer, Halal Markets and Halal Supply Chains, Islamic Finance and Islamic Microfinance, E-Marketing in Islamic Markets, Islamic Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Contemporary Islamic Movement, Education, Politics, International Relations, History, and general fields of social sciences research.</p> en-US (Dr. Aziz ur Rehman Saifee) (Muhammad Habib ur Rehman) Tue, 28 May 2024 08:17:58 +0000 OJS 60 E-1: THE STATE OF EDUCATION IN PAKISTAN DURING THE REIGN OF BENAZIR BHUTTO <p><em>The major focus of this research paper is to explore the Educational policies of Benazir Bhutto during her two-time reign, we tried to define with limited resources how BB tried to boost primary-level education in Pakistan, in addition, she especially tried to bring out females of Pakistan in every sector of affairs, for that purpose she brought them in different business along the male population. these, businesses required education impartment among illiterate women of Pakistan. so in this connection, she started the process of womenization in Pakistan, which was key to her educational policies, her governmental policies and incentives brought them into the professional sphere of life like education, police, judiciary, teaching, and entrepreneurship, for all that purpose she crafted educational policies through which she tried to bring out children to primary schools so that they may reach to secondary level of education, and in this mission foreign donors provided her monetary help, all such information has been shared in this article.</em></p> Muhammad Ali Junaid, Muhammad Kashif Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS) Thu, 30 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 E-2: HOW SOCIETAL AND INDIVIDUAL DIVERSITY AFFECT BRAND EQUITY OF HIGH VERSUS LOW INVOLVEMENT PRODUCTS AND MEDIATING ROLE OF SOCIAL VALUE AND CONTENT VALUE <p><em>Digitalization has influenced the marketing function of various businesses. It helps in the promotion of their products internationally resulting in increased sales and development of community on social media than traditional medium. The formation of social media-based communities is debatable because some scholars think it provides relationship-building opportunities to companies while few have the opposite opinion. Considering this viewpoint, the paper’s objective is to explore how societal and individual diversity impact brand equity of high versus low involvement products and the mediating role of social value and content value. The survey is carried out among 600 social media-based community members in Karachi. Smartpls is used for data analysis. The result verifies that buyers having extrinsic, extroversion, and collectivist characteristics prefer social value. Whereas, buyers with intrinsic, introversion, and individualism qualities like the content value on social media-based community. These values have a significant direct and mediating impact on brand equity and its dimensions under investigation. So organizations can persuade buyers to enjoy these values by taking part in the social media-based community and developing a diversified environment that facilitates cultural exchange and making powerful brand equity and its dimensions under study. </em></p> Mohiy Uddin, Danish Ahmed Siddiqui Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS) Thu, 30 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 E-3: JUDICIAL ACTIVISM IN PAKISTAN: THE IMPACT OF MODERN DEVICES ON EVIDENCE AND CERDIBILITY <p><em>In contemporary legal systems worldwide, the incorporation of modern devices and techniques as evidence has become an essential component, reflecting a paradigm shift towards embracing technological advancements in the pursuit of justice. This paper delves into the nuanced approach adopted by Pakistani courts concerning the admissibility of modern devices and techniques as evidence. In examining the jurisprudence of Pakistani courts, it becomes evident that they recognize the significance of modern evidence-gathering methods. Through an analysis of case law and legal principles, this study sheds light on the evolving attitude of Pakistani courts towards incorporating evidence obtained through modern devices such as DNA profiling, CCTV footage, and electronic communications. The paper discusses landmark cases where Pakistani courts have grappled with the admissibility of evidence procured through modern techniques, outlining the criteria used to assess its reliability and relevance. It explores the legal framework governing the admission of such evidence, including the provisions of the Qanun-e-Shahadat Order, 1984, and relevant judicial precedents. Furthermore, the study examines the challenges faced by Pakistani courts in effectively integrating modern evidence into the legal system. Issues such as chain of custody, authentication, and the need for corroborating evidence are explored within the context of contemporary legal practice in Pakistan. Ultimately, this paper offers insights into the evolving landscape of evidence law in Pakistan, highlighting the growing importance of embracing modern devices and techniques in the pursuit of justice. It underscores the need for the judiciary to adapt to technological advancements while ensuring adherence to principles of fairness, reliability, and procedural integrity. </em></p> Aliya Saeed, Ghulam Dastagir, Syed Fahad Ali Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS) Thu, 30 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 E-4: ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL AND INSTITUTIONAL DETERMINANTS OF TAX REVENUE BUOYANCY IN PAKISTAN <p><em>This study intended to explore the effect of social and institutional variables on tax buoyancy in Pakistan. The study employed the Time Series Data from 1991 to 2021. The analysis was done through Engel Granger type of co-integration and ARDL co-integration. The study revealed that buoyancy (-1), literacy rate, life expectancy, fiscal decentralization, rule of law and political stability have direct impact on the tax buoyancy. While unemployment, urbanization, corruption and Govt, effectiveness have inverse impact on the tax revenue buoyancy. This study advised to eradicate the unemployment and to increase the documentation of economy. This study also advised to enhance elementary and higher education, take measure to improve the rule of law and to create a transparent and accountable legal system. Again it also suggested to avoid political victimization, conduct free and fair election, should make an effective local body system, should work on the Devolution of Power &amp; Responsibility, promote good governance, restructure the tax system, to make the institutional effective and judicious. </em></p> Naseer Shahzada, Khalid Mahmood Mughal Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS) Thu, 30 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 E-5: HAFIZ AL-HADITH DISCIPLES AND CONTEMPORARIES WHO HEARD HADITH FROM IMAM ABU HANIFA <p><em>The authenticity of a Ṣaḥīḥ Ḥadīth regarding the narrator depends upon two basic characteristics in him: his strength of memory and his veracity. Regarding their memory, the narrators are generally categorized as a. Musnid, b. Muḥaddith, c. Mufīd, d. Ḥāfiẓ and e. Amīr ul-Muʾminīn fī Al-Ḥadīth. Category e, which consists of around 26 narrators only, is considered the most prestigious of the categories. The second-best category is that of Ḥāfiẓ </em><em>Al-</em><em>Ḥadīth. This paper studies the great contribution of Imām Abū Ḥanīfa and his students to memorize the Ḥadīth. Those scholars were Ḥāfiẓ </em><em>Al-</em><em>Ḥadīth as well as the students of Imām Abū Ḥanīfa and most of them were the initial followers of Ḥanafī school of thought. Several renowned scholars of their time have had the privilege of being Imām Abū Ḥanīfa’s disciples which greatly acknowledges the supremacy of Imām Abū Ḥanīfa in the science of Ḥadīth.&nbsp; </em></p> Muhammad Shahzad Shaikh, Muhammad Irfan Nazir, Muhammad Hassan Saeed Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS) Sat, 15 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 E-6: WORK-LIFE BALANCE AND MENTAL HEALTH: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW TO ASSESS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THEM FOR DIFFERENT PROFESSIONS. <p><em>The increasing focus on organizational efficiency due to globalization has created a challenge in sustaining a balance concerning work and personal life. The increasing challenge of different roles and avoiding extended working hours affects the mental health of the workers, while at the same time increasing the organizational costs. Thus, the article aims to characterize the bond between WLB and the mental health of employees from different professions, for which a systematic review (literature) was carried out, and through the analysis of 32 studies, it was possible to clarify the concept of WLB. Thus, it is concluded that some studies overlook the true focus on WLB, emphasizing the negative standpoint of conflict, and instead, focusing on the symptoms of mental health. Besides, there is no agreement among studies has been found on the results concerning gender, and the influence of labor flexibility on the association between WLB and mental health. </em></p> Muhammad Farhan Bukhari, Syed Asad, Hussain, Muhammad, Farooq Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS) Thu, 20 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 E-7: GREEN ENTREPRENEURIAL SELF-EFFICACY, GREEN KNOWLEDGE SHARING AND ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZE ENTERPRISES WITH MODERATING EFFECTS OF LEADER SUPPORT AND GREEN VALUES <p><strong><em>Purpose: </em></strong><em>This study aims to observe the impact of Green entrepreneurial self-efficacy, employee engagement in sustainability practice, and green knowledge sharing has a substantial and positive contribution to environmental sustainability performance.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Originality/values: </em></strong><em>The goal of this research is t<strong> Design /Methodology: </strong>The present investigation used a blend of cross-sectional and mediation analysis. Convenience sampling has been used in the following study. The study employed partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) together with sophisticated PLS software to evaluate the hypo study. A population sample of 301 individuals was chosen, consisting of 224 males and 77 females. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Findings: </em></strong><em>The findings suggest that the presence of a green knowledge-sharing culture influences the link between green environmental sustainability performance (ESE) and employee engagement in sustainability practice (EESP), green innovation (GI), green knowledge sharing (GKS), and green environmental performance (GEP). The research queries were analyzed using a quantitative methodology.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Research Limitations: </em></strong><em>This study examines the influence of environmentally sustainable entrepreneurship (ESE) on the economic, social, and environmental outcomes of firms.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Practical Implications: </em></strong><em>Promoting a culture of knowledge sharing that centers on environmental sustainability serves as an exemplary method for organizations to foster employee collaboration and innovation to improve our understanding of green innovation and the culture of sharing green knowledge inside an industry. </em></p> Musfirah Shahbaz, Syeda Nazneen Waseem, Hammad Zafar Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Islamic Business, Administration and Social Sciences (JIBAS) Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000